Pronoun
Grammatical Person
Function
Gloss
//mi//
second person singular
subject
you, you-singular.subject
{mima:}
second person dual
bare pronoun
you two, you.dual
{mima:}
second person dual
object
you two, you-dual.object.inherent
{mima:}k’i
second person dual
possessive-alienable
your, yours (two), you-dual.possessive
{mima:}k’an
second person dual
with
with you two
{mima}k’an
second person plural
with
with you (more than two)
{mima:}k’i
second person dual
possessive-inalienable
yours
{mima}k’i
second person plural
possessive-inalienable
yours
{mime}
second person plural
bare pronoun
you (more than two), you-plural
{mime}
second person plural
object
you (more than two), you-plural
{mime}k’i
second person plural
possessive-alienable
your, yours (more than two), you-plural-possessive
mimem
second person dual
subject
you two, you-dual.subject
{mime}m
second person plural
subject
you (more than two), you-plural.subject
{min}
second person singular
bare pronoun
you, you-singular
{min}
second person singular
object
you, you-singular.object.inherent
{min}k’an
second person singular
with
with you, you-singular.with
{min}k’i
second person singular
possessive-alienable
your, yours, you-singular.possessive
{min}ne
second person singular
possessive-inalienable
yours
{my}
third person singular
bare pronoun
you all
{my}
third person singular
object
you all
{my}
third person singular
possessive-inalienable
all of yours
{my}k’an
third person singular
with
with all of you
{my}k’i
third person singular
possessive-alienable
all of yours
{my}m
third person singular
subject
you all
{mysa:}
third person dual
bare pronoun
you (dual)
{mysa:}
third person dual
object
you (dual)
{mysa:}
third person dual
possessive-inalienable
yours (dual)
{mysa:}
third person dual
with
with you two
{mysa:}k’i
third person dual
possessive-alienable
yours (dual)
{mysa:}m
third person dual
subject
you (dual)
{myse}
third person plural
bare pronoun
you all
{myse}
third person plural
object
you all
{myse}ki
third person plural
possessive-inalienable
yours (all of you)
{myse}k’an
third person plural
with
with all of you
{myse}k’i
third person plural
possessive-alienable
yours (all of you)
{myse}m
third person plural
subject
you all
//ni//
first person singular
bare pronoun
I, me
{nik}
first person singular
bare pronoun
I, me
{nik}
first person singular
object
me
{nik}
first person singular
possessive-inalienable
my, mine
{nik}k’an
first person singular
with
with me
//ni//k’i
first person singular
possessive-alienable
my,mine
//ni//sa:
first person dual
bare pronoun
we-dual
{nisa:}
first person dual
object
us two
{nisa:}k’an
first person dual
with
with the two of us
{nisa:}k’i
first person dual
possessive-alienable
ours (two)
{nisa:}m
first person dual
subject
we.dual-subject case
{ni-sa:}pa
first person dual
possessive-inalienable
ours (two)
{nise}
first person plural
bare pronoun
two of us
{nise}
first person plural
object
ours
{nise:}k’i
first person plural
possessive-inalienable
all of ours
{nise}kan
first person plural
with
us, with all of us
{nise}k’i
first person plural
possessive-alienable
all of ours
{nise}m
first person plural
subject
all of us
Pronoun
Function
Gloss
Full Gloss
{nik}
bare pronoun
I, me
'first person' has the allomorph //ni// before number, subject, and possessive case suffixes.
//ni//
bare pronoun
I, me
allomorph of {nik} 'first person' before number, subject, and possessive case suffixes
//ni//sa:
bare pronoun
we-dual
we, us (two)
{nise}
bare pronoun
two of us
ní-se first.person-plural
{min}
bare pronoun
you, you-singular
min second.person
{mima:}
bare pronoun
you two, you.dual
you two, you-dual
{mime}
bare pronoun
you (more than two), you-plural
you (more than two)
{my}
bare pronoun
you all
he, she, it, him, her, he, she, it, him, her
{mysa:}
bare pronoun
you (dual)
they, them (two), they, them (two)
{myse}
bare pronoun
you all
they, them (more than two), they, them (more than two)
{nik}
object
me
object case
{nisa:}
object
us two
ní-sa:-k’i | úji
{nise}
object
ours
ní-se first.person-plural
{min}
object
you, you-singular.object.inherent
min-ne ‘your-mother’
{mima:}
object
you two, you-dual.object.inherent
you two, you-dual.object.inherent
{mime}
object
you (more than two), you-plural
you (more than two), you-plural
{my}
object
you all
him, her, it, he, she, it, him, her
{mysa:}
object
you (dual)
them (two), they, them (two)-object.inherent
{myse}
object
you all
them (more than two), they, them (more than two)-object.inherent
//ni//k’i
possessive-alienable
my,mine
alienably possessed – nik’i sy: ‘my dog’
{nisa:}k’i
possessive-alienable
ours (two)
ni-sa-k’i first.person-dual-alien.possess
{nise}k’i
possessive-alienable
all of ours
ni-se-k’i first.person-plural-alien.possess
{min}k’i
possessive-alienable
your, yours, you-singular.possessive
min-k’i sy: ‘your-possessive dog’
{mima:}k’i
possessive-alienable
your, yours (two), you-dual.possessive
your, yours (two), you-dual.possessive
{mime}k’i
possessive-alienable
your, yours (more than two), you-plural-possessive
your, yours (more than two), you-plural-possessive
{my}k’i
possessive-alienable
all of yours
his, her, hers, its, he, she, it, him, her-possessive
{mysa:}k’i
possessive-alienable
yours (dual)
their, theirs (two), they, them (two)-possessive
{myse}k’i
possessive-alienable
yours (all of you)
their, theirs (more than two), they, them (more than two)-with
{nik}
possessive-inalienable
my, mine
in-alienably possessed - nikpa ‘my father’s father’
{ni-sa:}pa
possessive-inalienable
ours (two)
ni-sa:-pa first.person-dual-inalien.possess-grandfather RULE: Inalienably possessed drops the pessessive suffix
{nise:}k’i
possessive-inalienable
all of ours
ni-se:-k’i fisrt.person-plural-inalien.possess
{min}ne
possessive-inalienable
yours
min-ne ‘your-mother’
{mima:}k’i
possessive-inalienable
yours
your, yours (two), you-dual.possessive
{mima}k’i
possessive-inalienable
yours
your, yours (more than two), you-plural-possessive
{my}
possessive-inalienable
all of yours
his, her, hers, its, he, she, it, him, her-possessive
{mysa:}
possessive-inalienable
yours (dual)
their, theirs (two), they, them (two)-possessive
{myse}ki
possessive-inalienable
yours (all of you)
their, theirs (more than two), they, them (more than two)-with
{nisa:}m
subject
we.dual-subject case
subject case
{nise}m
subject
all of us
ní-se-m first.person-plural-subject
//mi//
subject
you, you-singular.subject
mi second.person.singluar
mimem
subject
you two, you-dual.subject
you two, you-dual.subject
{mime}m
subject
you (more than two), you-plural.subject
you (more than two), you-plural-subject
{my}m
subject
you all
he, she, it, they, he, she, it, him, her-subject
{mysa:}m
subject
you (dual)
they (two), they, them (two)-subject
{myse}m
subject
you all
they (more than two), they, them (more than two)-subject
{nik}k’an
with
with me
nikk’an ‘with me’
{nisa:}k’an
with
with the two of us
ni-sa-kan first.person-dual-with
{nise}kan
with
us, with all of us
ni-se-kan first.person-plural-with
{min}k’an
with
with you, you-singular.with
min-kan second.person-with
{mima:}k’an
with
with you two
with you dual
{mima}k’an
with
with you (more than two)
with you plural
{my}k’an
with
with all of you
with him, her, it, he, she, it, him, her-with
{mysa:}
with
with you two
with them
{myse}k’an
with
with all of you
with them
Pronoun
Function
Gloss
Full Gloss
{nise}k’i
possessive-alienable
all of ours
ni-se-k’i first.person-plural-alien.possess
{nise:}k’i
possessive-inalienable
all of ours
ni-se:-k’i fisrt.person-plural-inalien.possess
{nise}m
subject
all of us
ní-se-m first.person-plural-subject
{my}k’i
possessive-alienable
all of yours
his, her, hers, its, he, she, it, him, her-possessive
{my}
possessive-inalienable
all of yours
his, her, hers, its, he, she, it, him, her-possessive
{nik}
bare pronoun
I, me
'first person' has the allomorph //ni// before number, subject, and possessive case suffixes.
//ni//
bare pronoun
I, me
allomorph of {nik} 'first person' before number, subject, and possessive case suffixes
{nik}
object
me
object case
{nik}
possessive-inalienable
my, mine
in-alienably possessed - nikpa ‘my father’s father’
//ni//k’i
possessive-alienable
my,mine
alienably possessed – nik’i sy: ‘my dog’
{nise}
object
ours
ní-se first.person-plural
{nisa:}k’i
possessive-alienable
ours (two)
ni-sa-k’i first.person-dual-alien.possess
{ni-sa:}pa
possessive-inalienable
ours (two)
ni-sa:-pa first.person-dual-inalien.possess-grandfather RULE: Inalienably possessed drops the pessessive suffix
{nise}
bare pronoun
two of us
ní-se first.person-plural
{nisa:}
object
us two
ní-sa:-k’i | úji
{nise}kan
with
us, with all of us
ni-se-kan first.person-plural-with
//ni//sa:
bare pronoun
we-dual
we, us (two)
{nisa:}m
subject
we.dual-subject case
subject case
{my}k’an
with
with all of you
with him, her, it, he, she, it, him, her-with
{myse}k’an
with
with all of you
with them
{nik}k’an
with
with me
nikk’an ‘with me’
{nisa:}k’an
with
with the two of us
ni-sa-kan first.person-dual-with
{mima}k’an
with
with you (more than two)
with you plural
{mima:}k’an
with
with you two
with you dual
{mysa:}
with
with you two
with them
{min}k’an
with
with you, you-singular.with
min-kan second.person-with
{mysa:}
bare pronoun
you (dual)
they, them (two), they, them (two)
{mysa:}m
subject
you (dual)
they (two), they, them (two)-subject
{mysa:}
object
you (dual)
them (two), they, them (two)-object.inherent
{mime}
bare pronoun
you (more than two), you-plural
you (more than two)
{mime}
object
you (more than two), you-plural
you (more than two), you-plural
{mime}m
subject
you (more than two), you-plural.subject
you (more than two), you-plural-subject
{my}
bare pronoun
you all
he, she, it, him, her, he, she, it, him, her
{my}m
subject
you all
he, she, it, they, he, she, it, him, her-subject
{my}
object
you all
him, her, it, he, she, it, him, her
{myse}
bare pronoun
you all
they, them (more than two), they, them (more than two)
{myse}m
subject
you all
they (more than two), they, them (more than two)-subject
{myse}
object
you all
them (more than two), they, them (more than two)-object.inherent
{mima:}
object
you two, you-dual.object.inherent
you two, you-dual.object.inherent
mimem
subject
you two, you-dual.subject
you two, you-dual.subject
{mima:}
bare pronoun
you two, you.dual
you two, you-dual
{min}
bare pronoun
you, you-singular
min second.person
{min}
object
you, you-singular.object.inherent
min-ne ‘your-mother’
//mi//
subject
you, you-singular.subject
mi second.person.singluar
{mime}k’i
possessive-alienable
your, yours (more than two), you-plural-possessive
your, yours (more than two), you-plural-possessive
{mima:}k’i
possessive-alienable
your, yours (two), you-dual.possessive
your, yours (two), you-dual.possessive
{min}k’i
possessive-alienable
your, yours, you-singular.possessive
min-k’i sy: ‘your-possessive dog’
{min}ne
possessive-inalienable
yours
min-ne ‘your-mother’
{mima:}k’i
possessive-inalienable
yours
your, yours (two), you-dual.possessive
{mima}k’i
possessive-inalienable
yours
your, yours (more than two), you-plural-possessive
{myse}k’i
possessive-alienable
yours (all of you)
their, theirs (more than two), they, them (more than two)-with
{myse}ki
possessive-inalienable
yours (all of you)
their, theirs (more than two), they, them (more than two)-with
{mysa:}k’i
possessive-alienable
yours (dual)
their, theirs (two), they, them (two)-possessive
{mysa:}
possessive-inalienable
yours (dual)
their, theirs (two), they, them (two)-possessive
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