Component
Gloss
Class Description
/h/
plural
Class #01 - Thematic Suffixes - Distributives
/j/
stem.formant
Class #01 - Thematic Suffixes - Distributives
{sy}
continuious.action
Class #02 - Thematic Suffixes - Purposive-Habitual
{c’iK}
block, plug
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
//c'ip//
block, plug
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
//c'ih//
block, plug
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{c’o}
over
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{daW}
away
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
//daH//
away
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{dik}
against
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{immoto}
move.together
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
//moto//
move.together
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{in}
downward
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{miT}
in, into
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{piN}
toward
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
//pi//
toward
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{túJ}
reverse
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{t’a}
on.top.of, move into
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{wajto}
apart
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{doJ}
up, upward
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
//doH//
inceptive, beginning
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{jeH}
motion
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{kiT}
downward
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{k'oJ}
move.away, leave
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{no}
move.along
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{paJ}
against
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{siP}
outward
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
//sih//
complete
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{si:to}
move across, through
Class #03 - Thematic Suffixes - Locative Directionals
{ti}
cause
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{ti2}
benefactive, for
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{'omis}
reflexive
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{to}
reciprocal
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{to}
reciprocal
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{to}
reciprocal
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{to}
reciprocal
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{to}
reciprocal
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{to}
plural.subject
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{to}
practice, pretend, play
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{toto}
reciprocal.for
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{toto}
(go).about, (go).around
Class #04 - Thematic Suffixes - Object Designators
{jo}
frequent
Class #05 - Thematic Suffixes - Iterative
{doJ}
begin
Class #06 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects
{bos}
finish
Class #06 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects
//os//
finish
Class #06 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects
{dow}
commit
Class #06 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects
{meH}
negative
Class #07 - Thematic Suffixes - Negative
//me//
negative
Class #07 - Thematic Suffixes - Negative
//mi://
negative
Class #07 - Thematic Suffixes - Negative
{kiT}
future, finish
Class #08 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense – Aspect
{kammoto}
continue
Class #08 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense – Aspect
{wono}
remote.past
Class #08 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense – Aspect
{We’es}
habit
Class #09 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects - Modal
//We:s//
habitual
Class #09 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects - Modal
//Wes//
habitual
Class #09 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects - Modal
{sa}
habitual
Class #09 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects - Modal
{sa}
past
Class #09 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects - Modal
{na:}
subjunctive
Class #09 - Thematic Suffixes - Aspects - Modal
{ma}
past
Class #10 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense
{ma}
past
Class #10 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense
{ma}
past
Class #10 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense
{ma}
past
Class #10 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense
{ma}
past
Class #10 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense
//im//
past
Class #10 - Thematic Suffixes - Tense
{n}
unsure
Class #11 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{c’o}
hearsay
Class #12 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{pe}
condition
Class #12 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{de}
question
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
//dO//
question
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{de2}
uncertainty
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{pa}
doubt
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{be}
permission
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
//bO//
permission
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{by}
prohibit
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{py}
encourage
Class #13 - Inflectional Suffixes/Modals
{ja:}
dual
Class #14 - Inflectional Subject - Number
{je}
plural
Class #14 - Inflectional Subject - Number
{is}
1st.person.subj
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
//j//
1st.person.subj
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
{no}
2nd.person.subj
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
//min//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
//ny//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
//ni//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
//no// ~ 0
2nd.person.subj.sing
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
//mo//
2nd.person.subj.dual
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
//m//
2nd.person.subj.dual
Class #15 - Inflectional Subject - Person
{su}
going.to
Class #16 - Inflectional Imperatives - Tense 1
//sy//
future
Class #16 - Inflectional Imperatives - Tense 1
{k’uton}
going.to
Class #17 - Inflectional Imperatives - Tense 2
{p}
command.singular
Class #18 - Inflectional Imperatives - often occur with !
{Wa}
command.plural
Class #18 - Inflectional Imperatives - often occur with !
{s}
emphasis.plural
Class #19 - Postfixes - Emphatics, Concessives, Subordinators
{kas}
strong.emphatic
Class #19 - Postfixes - Emphatics, Concessives, Subordinators
{ta}
concessive
Class #19 - Postfixes - Emphatics, Concessives, Subordinators
{hajdyk}
intense
Class #19 - Postfixes - Emphatics, Concessives, Subordinators
{c’e}
switch.subject
Class #19 - Postfixes - Emphatics, Concessives, Subordinators
{c'e}{te}
but.although
Class #19 - Postfixes - Emphatics, Concessives, Subordinators
{c’ewi:n}
because
Class #19 - Postfixes - Emphatics, Concessives, Subordinators
{'an}
consequence
Class #20 - Postfixes - Anaphoric Resultant
{in}
verb.final
Participles
//im//
past.tense
Participles
{is'an}
same.subject
Participles
{we}
continuous.action
Participles
{ha}
aux
Auxiliary Verbs - Modals
//sa//
neutral
Auxiliary Verbs - Modals
/h/
neutral
Auxiliary Verbs - Modals
{ma}
anaphoric demonstrative
Auxiliary Verbs - Modals
{pa}
dubitative
Auxiliary Verbs - Modals
/ta/
dubitative
Auxiliary Verbs - Modals
/te/
but
Auxiliary Verbs - Modals
{bO-doJ}
inceptive, begin
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{bO-kiT}
inceptive, downward, termination
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{bO-k'oJ}
unable
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{pu-to}
almost
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{tawal}
habitual
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{'y-jeH}
continuative
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{bis}
stay
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{c'ekiT}
seem
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{hawaky}
seems, maybe
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{japa:n}
happen to
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{k'ajeH}
go.around
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
{'u}
be.somewhere
Auxiliary Verbs - Aspectuals
Component
Gloss
Full Gloss
{'an}
consequence
anaphoric resultant, referring to or replacing an earlier word, connector
{'omis}
reflexive
reflexive subject performs an action upon himself.
{be}
permission
permissive optative, expresses permission granted or the result or expected result of permission
{bis}
stay
stay, exist, live
//bO//
permission
Allomorph of {be} before first person dual and plural
{bO-doJ}
inceptive, begin
begin
{bO-kiT}
inceptive, downward, termination
inceptive, downward, termination
{bO-k'oJ}
unable
unable, have difficulty
{bos}
finish
completive, adds a sense of completeness, finish doing something.
{by}
prohibit
cavetive optative, expresses prohibition, warning, negative result
{c'ekiT}
seem
seem, down, terminative, future
{c'e}{te}
but.although
but, although
//c'ih//
block, plug
Allomorph of {ciK} before /k/  block, plug, cover an opening
//c'ip//
block, plug
Allomorph of {ciK} before /p/ block, plug, cover an opening
{c’e}
switch.subject
subject of dependent and main clause different (se after s) nevertheless, although, in spite of
{c’ewi:n}
because
causative, because
{c’iK}
block, plug
block, plug, cover an opening
{c’o}
over
over, over edge of
{c’o}
hearsay
quotative or hearsay
//daH//
away
Allomorph of {daW} off of or away from and toward a goal; come toward
{daW}
away
off of or away from and toward a goal; come toward
{de}
question
interrogative mode before dual or plural
{de2}
uncertainty
uncertainty, non-interrogative
{dik}
against
against, facing, opposing
//dO//
question
Allomorph of {de} before dual and plural, zero in second person
//doH//
inceptive, beginning
Allomorph of {doJ} inceptive, beginning
{doJ}
begin
inceptive, denotes incipient action or condition. Also occurs as a LD.
{doJ}
up, upward
up, upward
{dow}
commit
comitative, engage in , execute or effect. Represents accompanying or concomitant action.
/h/
plural
plural distributive
/h/
neutral
after consonants in allegro speech is lost
{ha}
aux
auxiliary neutral, be, do, happen
{hajdyk}
intense
intensive
{hawaky}
seems, maybe
seem (like), maybe. occurs only with {in}
//im//
past
Allomorph of {ma} after vowel and CV sequence. past tense
//im//
past.tense
Allomorph of {ma} past.tense
{immoto}
move.together
together; move together, around, circle, about
{in}
downward
downward
{in}
verb.final
neutral semantically, identifies non-finite verb. Usual implies non-past or recent past, but can occur with verbs in any tense, and is the main verb ending in story past.
{is}
1st.person.subj
first person subject; j before Ø after ma and py
{is'an}
same.subject
when subject of both the participle and the main clause are identical.
/j/
stem.formant
stem formant (forms verb or noun)
//j//
1st.person.subj
Allomorph of {is} - //j// first person subject, zero after {ma}'past' and {py}'horatory opt.singular
{ja:}
dual
dual subject (Ø after py, be)
{japa:n}
happen to
happen to, it seems
{je}
plural
plural subjective (Ø after py, be)
{jeH}
motion
continuous motion in unspecified direction
{jo}
frequent
iterative, frequent, beginning of an action, up, carry, handle. Designates plural, intermittent action which, in accordance with the context, may also imply a plural, individually distributed subject and/or object.
{k’uton}
going.to
future imperative, synonymous with (su)
{k'ajeH}
go.around
go around (doing something)
{kammoto}
continue
continuative, moving conversation forward, action in process with no implication of termination
{kas}
strong.emphatic
emphatic, conveys relatively strong emphasis
{kiT}
downward
down, downward, usually vertically
{kiT}
future, finish
future, downward, termination
{k'oJ}
move.away, leave
move away from in an unspecified direction; unable, incapable of, fail to
//m//
2nd.person.subj.dual
Allomorph of {no}'second person subject' //m// after {de}, {by}, and before clause subordinators
{ma}
past
As a participle - past tense; participle (ex. going-gone, ex. being-been)
{ma}
past
As a thematic suffix - past tense
{ma}
past
As an inflectional suffix - past tense
{ma}
past
Ambiguously - past tense
{ma}
past
Tautologically -past tense
{ma}
anaphoric demonstrative
free varients of the same morpheme {ha}
//me//
negative
Allomorph of {meH} negative. devise for expressing prohibition.
{meH}
negative
negative. devise for expressing prohibition.
//mi://
negative
Allomorph of {meH} negative. devise for expressing prohibition.
//min//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //min// before clause subordinators when not preceded by {be}'permissive'
{miT}
in, into
in, into, move inside, into, down into
//mo//
2nd.person.subj.dual
Allomorph of {no}'second person subject' //mo// dual and plural
//moto//
move.together
Allomorph of {immoto} together; move together, around, circle, about
{n}
unsure
uncertain evidence, supposition, conjecture, an opinion based on unsure or inconclusive evidence
{na:}
subjunctive
subjunctive, would, could, if, potential, possible, frequently past tense
//ni//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //ni// after {de}'interrogative'
{no}
move.along
generalized linear motion in unspecified direction, move along
{no}
2nd.person.subj
second person subject; (you) certain allomorphs min, ny, ni; after dual and plural mo/m/Ø
//no// ~ 0
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //no// ~ 0 after {be}
//ny//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //ny// after {by}'cavetive opt.'
//os//
finish
Allomorph of {bos} completive, adds a sense of completeness, finish doing something.
{p}
command.singular
imperative singular, command addressed to one person, occasionally varies with (h) sometimes in final word position
{pa}
doubt
dubitative, reflects relatively strong doubt
{pa}
dubitative
as auxiliary, only occurs with no other modal or with interrogative
{paJ}
against
toward or against a surface may also act as an object.designator
{pe}
condition
conditional, expresses result of prior condition, nearly synonymous with na:
//pi//
toward
Allomorph of {piN} move out of and toward Imperative
{piN}
toward
move out of and toward
{pu-to}
almost
almost
{py}
encourage
hortative optative, encouragement, positive option or result.
{s}
emphasis.plural
imperative plural (?), relatively mild emphasis
{sa}
habitual
past habitual
//sa//
neutral
3rd person recent neutral, not postfixed
{sa}
past
non habitual past
{si:to}
move across, through
move across, through
//sih//
complete
Allomorph of {siP} completive, terminative
{siP}
outward
(move) out, outward, out of and upward, uphill
{su}
going.to
future imperative must occur after {be}
{sy}
continuious.action
habitual, continuous action, goal oriented or purposeful
//sy//
future
Allomorph of {su} future imperative must occur after {be} and before Class 18
{t’a}
on.top.of, move into
on top of, atop, move into
{ta}
concessive
concessive attitude on the part of the speaker
/ta/
dubitative
Allomorph of {pa}
{tawal}
habitual
iterative, habitual
/te/
but
Allomorph of {pa} -allegro of /ta/
{ti}
cause
causative
{ti2}
benefactive, for
benefactive, for the sake of
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between subject and identical object
{to}
plural.subject
logical consequence of interaction of two subjects or actions
{to}
practice, pretend, play
practice, pretend, play - iterated interaction
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between two persons, places, things
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between two actions, motions
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between subject and object
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between two verbal objects
{toto}
reciprocal.for
reciprocal, for.each.other, to.each.other
{toto}
(go).about, (go).around
As a LD locative directional
{túJ}
reverse
reverse motion, turn back
{'u}
be.somewhere
locative, be in a place, somewhere, there
{Wa}
command.plural
imperative plural, command addressed to two or more people
{wajto}
apart
apart
{we}
continuous.action
continuous action accompanying and usually simultaneous with that designated by the main verb
//We:s//
habitual
Allomorph of {We'es} in normal speech - usitative, usual/habitual action
{We’es}
habit
usitative, usual or habitual action over a explicit or implicit period of time.
//Wes//
habitual
Allomorph of {We'es} in allegro speech - usitative, usual/habitual action
{wono}
remote.past
remote past, at some time in the past.
{'y-jeH}
continuative
continuative
Component
Gloss
Full Gloss
{toto}
(go).about, (go).around
As a LD locative directional
{is}
1st.person.subj
first person subject; j before Ø after ma and py
//j//
1st.person.subj
Allomorph of {is} - //j// first person subject, zero after {ma}'past' and {py}'horatory opt.singular
{no}
2nd.person.subj
second person subject; (you) certain allomorphs min, ny, ni; after dual and plural mo/m/Ø
//mo//
2nd.person.subj.dual
Allomorph of {no}'second person subject' //mo// dual and plural
//m//
2nd.person.subj.dual
Allomorph of {no}'second person subject' //m// after {de}, {by}, and before clause subordinators
//min//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //min// before clause subordinators when not preceded by {be}'permissive'
//ny//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //ny// after {by}'cavetive opt.'
//ni//
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //ni// after {de}'interrogative'
//no// ~ 0
2nd.person.subj.sing
Allomorph of {no} - //no// ~ 0 after {be}
{dik}
against
against, facing, opposing
{paJ}
against
toward or against a surface may also act as an object.designator
{pu-to}
almost
almost
{ma}
anaphoric demonstrative
free varients of the same morpheme {ha}
{wajto}
apart
apart
{ha}
aux
auxiliary neutral, be, do, happen
{daW}
away
off of or away from and toward a goal; come toward
//daH//
away
Allomorph of {daW} off of or away from and toward a goal; come toward
{'u}
be.somewhere
locative, be in a place, somewhere, there
{c’ewi:n}
because
causative, because
{doJ}
begin
inceptive, denotes incipient action or condition. Also occurs as a LD.
{ti2}
benefactive, for
benefactive, for the sake of
{c’iK}
block, plug
block, plug, cover an opening
//c'ip//
block, plug
Allomorph of {ciK} before /p/ block, plug, cover an opening
//c'ih//
block, plug
Allomorph of {ciK} before /k/  block, plug, cover an opening
/te/
but
Allomorph of {pa} -allegro of /ta/
{c'e}{te}
but.although
but, although
{ti}
cause
causative
{Wa}
command.plural
imperative plural, command addressed to two or more people
{p}
command.singular
imperative singular, command addressed to one person, occasionally varies with (h) sometimes in final word position
{dow}
commit
comitative, engage in , execute or effect. Represents accompanying or concomitant action.
//sih//
complete
Allomorph of {siP} completive, terminative
{ta}
concessive
concessive attitude on the part of the speaker
{pe}
condition
conditional, expresses result of prior condition, nearly synonymous with na:
{'an}
consequence
anaphoric resultant, referring to or replacing an earlier word, connector
{'y-jeH}
continuative
continuative
{kammoto}
continue
continuative, moving conversation forward, action in process with no implication of termination
{sy}
continuious.action
habitual, continuous action, goal oriented or purposeful
{we}
continuous.action
continuous action accompanying and usually simultaneous with that designated by the main verb
{pa}
doubt
dubitative, reflects relatively strong doubt
{in}
downward
downward
{kiT}
downward
down, downward, usually vertically
{ja:}
dual
dual subject (Ø after py, be)
{pa}
dubitative
as auxiliary, only occurs with no other modal or with interrogative
/ta/
dubitative
Allomorph of {pa}
{s}
emphasis.plural
imperative plural (?), relatively mild emphasis
{py}
encourage
hortative optative, encouragement, positive option or result.
{bos}
finish
completive, adds a sense of completeness, finish doing something.
//os//
finish
Allomorph of {bos} completive, adds a sense of completeness, finish doing something.
{jo}
frequent
iterative, frequent, beginning of an action, up, carry, handle. Designates plural, intermittent action which, in accordance with the context, may also imply a plural, individually distributed subject and/or object.
//sy//
future
Allomorph of {su} future imperative must occur after {be} and before Class 18
{kiT}
future, finish
future, downward, termination
{k'ajeH}
go.around
go around (doing something)
{su}
going.to
future imperative must occur after {be}
{k’uton}
going.to
future imperative, synonymous with (su)
{We’es}
habit
usitative, usual or habitual action over a explicit or implicit period of time.
{sa}
habitual
past habitual
//We:s//
habitual
Allomorph of {We'es} in normal speech - usitative, usual/habitual action
//Wes//
habitual
Allomorph of {We'es} in allegro speech - usitative, usual/habitual action
{tawal}
habitual
iterative, habitual
{japa:n}
happen to
happen to, it seems
{c’o}
hearsay
quotative or hearsay
{miT}
in, into
in, into, move inside, into, down into
{bO-doJ}
inceptive, begin
begin
//doH//
inceptive, beginning
Allomorph of {doJ} inceptive, beginning
{bO-kiT}
inceptive, downward, termination
inceptive, downward, termination
{hajdyk}
intense
intensive
{jeH}
motion
continuous motion in unspecified direction
{si:to}
move across, through
move across, through
{no}
move.along
generalized linear motion in unspecified direction, move along
{k'oJ}
move.away, leave
move away from in an unspecified direction; unable, incapable of, fail to
{immoto}
move.together
together; move together, around, circle, about
//moto//
move.together
Allomorph of {immoto} together; move together, around, circle, about
{meH}
negative
negative. devise for expressing prohibition.
//me//
negative
Allomorph of {meH} negative. devise for expressing prohibition.
//mi://
negative
Allomorph of {meH} negative. devise for expressing prohibition.
//sa//
neutral
3rd person recent neutral, not postfixed
/h/
neutral
after consonants in allegro speech is lost
{t’a}
on.top.of, move into
on top of, atop, move into
{siP}
outward
(move) out, outward, out of and upward, uphill
{c’o}
over
over, over edge of
{ma}
past
As a participle - past tense; participle (ex. going-gone, ex. being-been)
//im//
past
Allomorph of {ma} after vowel and CV sequence. past tense
{ma}
past
As a thematic suffix - past tense
{ma}
past
As an inflectional suffix - past tense
{ma}
past
Ambiguously - past tense
{ma}
past
Tautologically -past tense
{sa}
past
non habitual past
//im//
past.tense
Allomorph of {ma} past.tense
{be}
permission
permissive optative, expresses permission granted or the result or expected result of permission
//bO//
permission
Allomorph of {be} before first person dual and plural
/h/
plural
plural distributive
{je}
plural
plural subjective (Ø after py, be)
{to}
plural.subject
logical consequence of interaction of two subjects or actions
{to}
practice, pretend, play
practice, pretend, play - iterated interaction
{by}
prohibit
cavetive optative, expresses prohibition, warning, negative result
{de}
question
interrogative mode before dual or plural
//dO//
question
Allomorph of {de} before dual and plural, zero in second person
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between subject and identical object
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between two persons, places, things
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between two actions, motions
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between subject and object
{to}
reciprocal
reciprocity between two verbal objects
{toto}
reciprocal.for
reciprocal, for.each.other, to.each.other
{'omis}
reflexive
reflexive subject performs an action upon himself.
{wono}
remote.past
remote past, at some time in the past.
{túJ}
reverse
reverse motion, turn back
{is'an}
same.subject
when subject of both the participle and the main clause are identical.
{c'ekiT}
seem
seem, down, terminative, future
{hawaky}
seems, maybe
seem (like), maybe. occurs only with {in}
{bis}
stay
stay, exist, live
/j/
stem.formant
stem formant (forms verb or noun)
{kas}
strong.emphatic
emphatic, conveys relatively strong emphasis
{na:}
subjunctive
subjunctive, would, could, if, potential, possible, frequently past tense
{c’e}
switch.subject
subject of dependent and main clause different (se after s) nevertheless, although, in spite of
{piN}
toward
move out of and toward
//pi//
toward
Allomorph of {piN} move out of and toward Imperative
{bO-k'oJ}
unable
unable, have difficulty
{de2}
uncertainty
uncertainty, non-interrogative
{n}
unsure
uncertain evidence, supposition, conjecture, an opinion based on unsure or inconclusive evidence
{doJ}
up, upward
up, upward
{in}
verb.final
neutral semantically, identifies non-finite verb. Usual implies non-past or recent past, but can occur with verbs in any tense, and is the main verb ending in story past.