These are the new vocabulary words we introduce in this lesson.
A word in Konkow may have several parts to it each of which contributes to the meaning of the word. We’ll call these parts “components.” (In Ultan’s work, they are called “morphemes.”)
-im => -om
Words can be nouns or verbs, pronouns, demonstratives, adverbs, or what Ultan calls “minor words”. Which kind of word they are will determine what kinds of suffixes they can take.
We will talk about the suffixes that go on verbs in later lessons. In this lesson we will focus on noun suffixes.
Some suffixes can occur together on a noun, such as:
In the sentence above, the subject marker is -om. Why isn’t it -im? There is a process called vowel harmony that changes i to be like the vowel that precedes it. Thus: (Note: vowel harmony (lesson 2) applies to the last example. The subject suffix -im changes to -om to match the vowel before it.) This only happens when the consonant between the two vowels is k or k’.
Verbs have their own kinds of suffixes, such as tense (e.g. past, future), commands, negatives, questions, etc. You saw the verb ending -n (-in) in the previous lesson.
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